Lezioni Inglese

Argomenti

Includi le lezioni scritte in inglese

To borrow y to lend: prestar

El verbo español prestar equivale a los verbos ingleses to lend to borrow.

Tienes que pensar que "lend" es sinónimo de 'dar prestado', y que 'borrow' es sinónimo de 'tomar prestado'.

 

En inglés, el verbo to borrow significa tomar o utilizar algo que pertenece a otra persona durante un corto periodo de tiempo. El verbo to lend es dar algo a una persona durante un corto periodo de tiempo. Los hablantes de español suelen confundir estas dos palabras

 

En el siguiente ejemplo, Valentino presta la ropa y Sharon Stone la toma prestada. Al final, ella tiene que devolverlos.

 

So Valentino, the designer, lends me clothes to wear for appearances.

Así que Valentino, el diseñador, me presta ropa para usarla para [mis] apariciones.

Subtítulo 64, Ask Jimmy Carter Another interview with Sharon Stone

 Play Caption

 

banner PLACEHOLDER

 

La frase  lend a hand  (dar una mano) significa ayudar.

 

I would not lend a hand

Yo no daría una mano

Subtítulo 5, Phil Collins In The Air Tonight

 Play Caption

 

En la siguiente frase, Richard Wiseman le dice que utilice el dinero de su amigo para gastarle una broma.

 

Borrow a note from a friend. Ask them to place their hands palm down

Pida prestado un billete a un amigo. Pídales que pongan su mano con la palma hacia abajo

Subtítulo 49, Richard Wiseman 10 Bets You Will Always Win

 Play Caption

 

  

Así que ahora ya sabes que decir  "Peter  borrowed me ten dollars"  no es correcto. Tienes que decir o bien " Peter lent me ten dollars"  o  "I borrowed ten dollars from Peter." Nuestra Annette O´Neil del equipo de Yabla ha producido este video sobre los verbos to borrow y to lend. Te invitamos a verlo: English with Annette O'Neil - Formally and Informally Asking for Help - Part 1 of 3

 

Aprendizaje adicional

 

Los verbos to borrow y pedir to lend forman parte de las palabras que no podemos traducir literalmente en español. Presta atención los videos de  Yabla inglés en los cuales aparezcan estas palabras y elabora con ellas oraciones cotidianas que se te ocurran. 

To borrow and to lend

In English, the verb to borrow means to take or use something that belongs to someone else for a short period of time. The verb to lend is to give something to a person for a short period of time. These two words often get mixed up by non-native speakers, so let's look at some examples. 

BANNER PLACEHOLDER

In the following example, Valentino lends the clothes and Sharon Stone borrows the clothes. In the end, she has to give them back.

 

So Valentino, the designer, lends me clothes to wear for appearances.

Caption 64, Ask Jimmy Carter - Another interview with Sharon Stone

 Play Caption

 

The phrase "lend a hand" means "to help out."

 

I would not lend a hand

Caption 5, Phil Collins - In The Air Tonight

 Play Caption

 

In the following sentence, Richard Wiseman tells you to use your friend's money to play a trick on them.

 

Borrow a note from a friend. Ask them to place their hands palm down.

Caption 49, Richard Wiseman - 10 bets you will always win

 Play Caption

 

Of course, some people keep things for longer than they should...

 

You are so welcome to borrow her for the next, like, ten years or so.

Caption 5, Selena Gomez - Ramona And Beezus - Trailer

 Play Caption

 

So now you know that saying "Johnny borrowed me ten dollars" is completely wrong! You have to say either "Johnny lent me ten dollars" or "I borrowed ten dollars from Johnny."

BANNER PLACEHOLDER

Further Learning
Write some sentences that begin with "I recently borrowed..." and "I recently lent..." Re-write the sentences above from Yabla English so that they use the other verb and remembering to change the subject and object of the sentence accordingly. 

Potrebbero interessarti: